Comunidades Urbanas Fase II
The Urban Communities Project was contracted in 2011 by the Israeli developer Kora Angola from the National Urban Planning and Housing Program of Angola (PNHU) to conceptualize and propose 13 Urbanization Plans (Masterplans) in different provinces in Angola, adding up to the provision of 40. 000 housing units, elaboration of six architectural typologies, preliminary projects of Institutional Equipment, insertion of institutional equipment, as well as definition of urban infrastructure and green areas, such as parks and squares, with a total area of 10,200,000 m² (1,020 ha). In January 2021, Phase 2 of the Project was contracted, containing three Masterplans that add up to the provision of an additional 5,000 dwellings, a total area of 893,511 m².
Within the Masterplan of each of the 16 contracted locations, the following were prepared: (i) macrodrainage studies; (ii) road system proposal; (iii) housing location; (iv) location of urban sewage and water services; (v) location of institutional health, education and safety equipment; (vi) proposal of leisure areas such as parks and squares; (vii) urban design and general landscaping; (viii) studies of furniture details, toponymy and housing colors.
The project considered the physical space derived from the construction of housing, giving a sense of neighborhood and community, placing housing together with streets, commercial activities and institutional services, leisure areas and landscapes, which together make up the sense of living in the city. The formation of this "urban community" worked the dimension of sustainability at two levels. By concentrating an orderly set, it enabled the optimization of networks (sanitation, communication, energy) and ensured the density necessary for its economic efficiency; and by promoting a diverse set - "community modules", it allowed the lowest consumption of vital energy in the performance of the routine activities of its residents, both in accordance with environmental constraints generated as a result different designs of occupation of the territory. It brought the functions of housing, work and leisure closer together, ensuring less travel - saving time - easy access to the demands of every city dweller.